Category Archives: Tech.Analysis

Tech.Analysis: The Apple Appeal

Apple MacBooks, iPhones, iPads, and iPods are extremely popular and highly desired devices. MacBooks inundate university lecture halls, every other person on the subway has the signature white Apple earbuds tethered to their iPods or iPhones, and it’s impossible to fly on an airplane and not see someone with an iPad in your row. What makes us want these devices?

When the first iPod was released in 2001, Bill Gates immediately recognized Apple’s end game: get people hooked on a series of devices that sync together. If you have a Mac with all of your music, movies, books, and apps in iTunes, you can easily plug in an iPhone, iPod, or iPad and seamlessly transfer your digital media collection in one easy migration. In an attempt to imitate Apple and the immensely successful iPod, Microsoft released the Zune. By the time the Zune hit shelves, it was already too late: Apple’s iTunes was already an integral part of most people’s music collections.

Today’s Apple is even more proprietary. Apps, movies, TV shows, books, and other content hook users and make it difficult to change to another platform without sacrificing your media collection. Paid apps in particular lock users into a particular OS just like the Apple-Microsoft software war in the 80’s and 90’s.

Apple devices just work well together. Things like iTunes and iCloud have made sharing content and information between your Mac, iPad, and iPhone seamless and behind the scenes. Calendars and contacts sync on all of your devices. Using the iTunes “Purchased” tab, you can download previously paid content onto any device that doesn’t already have that new movie or game. Universal apps work on both the iPhone and iPad, and using iCloud, they can sync progress between devices.

Apple Culture:
There’s a culture around Apple products that’s difficult to describe. Macs are all over college campuses in part because everyone else has one. If you’re a student and all of your friends have Macs, the university has Mac computer labs, and your professors lecture from MacBooks, you’ll undoubtably consider it when shopping for your next computer.

There’s an unexplainable hype and excitement around new product launches that mobilizes people into lines outside of Apple stores. Apple fanboys need to have the newest Apple products first because they love showing off their day-old iDevices to drooling friends.

It’s difficult to pinpoint why this fan club for Apple products exists but much of it is resultant of Apple’s secrecy and the over-speculation of future gadgets on tech websites. Because Apple rarely leaks prototypes or even device launch dates, the online community speculates through blogs and tech articles what to expect with Apple’s newest devices. Some sites use leaked parts from Chinese Foxconn factory workers to hypothesize about the next iPhone. Others claim to have secret sources with inside information from their work within manufacturing companies for Apple components. After months of speculation, everyone involved eagerly waits for Apple’s Keynotes to basically see how right (or wrong) they were. It’s almost a game- a winning prediction leads to credibility and could result in tons of new viewers to your website, whereas an incorrect prediction costs you web traffic.

Because Apple doesn’t leak any information before their product launches, when they formally announce devices, it’s a big deal. Apple theatrically presents their products in mesmerizing Keynotes. They send out witty invitations that hint at one aspect of the launch and then fill lecture halls with tech analysts all ready to report on Apple’s next “revolution.” The Keynotes are littered with words like “amazing” and “revolutionary” that can make any product sound incredible.

Apple’s advertisements are similarly captivating. They’re always smart, clean, and visually stimulating and present the product in a “wow I could really see myself using that” kind of way. The overly successful “Get a Mac” ad campaign used Justin Long’s casual appearance and laid-back demeanor to help the everyday person relate more with the jean-wearing Mac figure as opposed to the uptight and boring brown-suit PC character. In the same light, iPhone and iPad commercials show every-day people using their products to make their lives easier.

Apple products are sexy: they’re thin and lightweight, precision cut from high quality materials, minimal, and generally aesthetically pleasing. The iPhone feels solid and substantial in the hand and the screen’s resolution is made for the sharpness of the human eye. MacBooks are sculpted from solid blocks of aluminum making them incredibly clean but also significantly more solid than plastic laptops. Apple products have timeless designs but more importantly, they convey structural integrity and long-term usability. The lack of visible screws or “joints” makes for devices that are elemental and simple, but clean and innate.

Apple Stores:
Much of Apple’s success has been attributed to their physical stores. These locations not only show off the beauty of the products but are design feats of their own. Some stores feature impressive staircases made of thick, transparent glass. Beyond the pristine product displays and the building’s aesthetic qualities, having a knowledgable person to walk you through your purchase or fix your broken product is comforting.

Apple excels when it comes to service. They stand behind their products and are known to replace Macs, iPhones, and iPads without hassle. Compared to other phone and computer companies that rely on call centers around the world for their customer support, Apple’s Genius Bar is free to consult and genuinely wants to help.

Newest Tech:
Apple’s first generation iPhone, iPad, iPod, and Mac were revolutionary. At their initiation, they all packed features that no-one else in the industry was offering. Think back to when the first iPhone was announced: a long multitouch touchscreen was unprecedented in the cell phone industry. Multitouch gestures were so new and amazing because they made intuitive sense yet companies like Samsung, Nokia, and LG didn’t offer them on their phones. Today, multitouch is second nature to users and Android and Windows Phone both offer scrolling and pinching gestures.

In the same vein, the separated-key chiclet keyboard on MacBooks was quite different from the industry standard uncomfortable plastic and loud keyboards on IBM Thinkbooks and Dell laptops. Nonetheless, most laptop manufactures today have followed the Apple keyboard trend. Inventions like the retina display, 10 hour laptop/tablet battery life, the App Store, and MacBook, iPhone, and iPad aluminum manufacturing processes aren’t necessarily Apple specific inventions, however, Apple implemented them for the general public before any other major tech company. These features make their break with Apple and eventually spread to other companies over time but techies love to be on the cutting edge, making Apple products appealing.

The above reasons or a combination of them could potentially explain why Apple products are so popular today. Regardless of the reasoning, Apple’s growth over the past decade has been extraordinary. Feel free to add your insight on the “Apple Appeal” in the comments.

[Image via Wikipedia]

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Tech.Analysis: The 7 Inch iPad

Tech.Analysis: The 7 Inch iPad

Rumor has it that Apple is preparing a new, smaller sibling to the current 10 inch iPad. Reports from Chinese manufacturers to the WSJ as well as the NYT have suggested that Apple is set to begin mass production of the new iDevice this coming September for an October release date.

Google’s new Nexus 7, a 7 inch Android Jelly Bean tablet, has been selling out at major retailers this past weekend. The WSJ and PC Magazine gave the new Droid tablet favorable reviews praising the $199 entry price. At 200 bucks, the Nexus 7 matches the popular Amazon Kindle Fire.

The Nexus 7 and Kindle Fire haven’t really been direct competitors to Apple’s iPad: at more than double the price and size, comparing these 7 inch tablets to the iPad is like comparing a Smart car and a full-size SUV. The current iPad offers a larger 10 inch screen at a much higher pixel density along with other features that make it more of a mini computer than a beachside reading device. Regardless, the demand for smaller and cheaper tablets has apparently pushed Apple to consider a similarly sized and priced iPad.

The 7 inch iPad needs to be $199. Google, Amazon, and Barnes & Noble have solidified the $199 magical price point for this new class of tablets. Amazon actually loses money on each Kindle Fire sold and Google/Asus only make ~$40 on each Nexus 7. Apple might need to subsidize their product too if they want to outcompete Google and Amazon.

Because this subcategory of the tablet market is so new, it might be beneficial for Apple to hold off on producing a 7 inch iPad right now. Google and Amazon are taking a risk selling their products at such a low profit margin. It might be in Apple’s best interest to wait and see the results of Google’s Nexus 7.

[Image via 9to5Mac]

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Tech.News: Microsoft Surface Tablet

Tech.News: Microsoft Surface Tablet

Microsoft: You have my attention. The new Microsoft Surface tablet is actually a pretty cool device. I have been a big fan of Windows 8, except I feared that the interface wasn’t fit for a small smartphone screen and definitely not optimized for a laptop. Windows 8 is designed for tablets.I’m thrilled to see Microsoft finally building their own hardware.

There are 2 Microsoft tablets: a Windows RT ARM-chip version and a “professional” sibling sporting an Ivy Bridge i5 processor. The non-professional version is super thin (thinner than the new iPad) and the professional tablet is just slightly thicker at 13.5 mm. Both have a 10.6 inch high-definition screen comparable in pixel density to Apple’s Retina iPad screens. The Surface packs a full size USB port (USB 3.0 on the pro version) and 32 or 64 GB of memory for the RT version and 64 or 128 GB of storage on the professional tablet. The exterior casing is made of magnesium and Corning Gorilla Glass and even has a nifty kickstand.

While the specs on these two devices are right up there with Apple’s iPad, Windows 8 might be the deciding factor. Windows 8’s Metro user interface is really great; utilizing the edges of the tablet keeps tasks intuitively organized and enhances multitasking. The ability to run 2 apps next to each other is definitely one of my favorite features. Additionally, the real time, updating tile interface is a beautiful and stylish way to get all your info updated on your home screen. Windows 8 also has a desktop mode where older Windows software can run. This is a major plus for people who want the ability to run professional apps like Adobe Photoshop.

While the Surface has definitely caught my interest, my favorite announcement from Microsoft has to be the new magnetic cover for the tablet. It’s an extraordinarily thin Apple smart cover cover that integrates a multitouch trackpad and keyboard right into the case. It’s very thin, colorful, useful, and the first product I hope Apple copies from Microsoft.

Now here’s where this impressive and potentially competitive tablet may fall short: price. Microsoft has not announced anything about the pricing of either tablets. If the RT flavor is within the magical $400-$550 tablet price point, it very well could be something to watch. If Microsoft expects people to pay “ultrabook prices” for this tablet, Apple’s reigning iPad has nothing to fear.

I’m looking forward to seeing these Surfaces hit the market with Windows 8’s release.

[Image via Microsoft]

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Tech.Analysis: New Macbook Pros Imminent

Tech.Analysis: New Macbook Pros Imminent

The next generation Macbook Pros are expected anytime now (WWDC?) so I figured it would be a good time to recap all the rumors and add some comments. Tim Cook promised exciting and revolutionary products for 2012 and the new 15 inch Macbook Pro could very well be the first drool-worthy redesigned Apple device.

Let’s start with the brain: Intel Ivy Bridge processors.
Intel has officially launched their new Ivy Bridge processors, an update to their already zippy Sandy Bridge line, which means we can expect these quad-core powerhouses to be included in the newest Macbook Pros. A leaked “Macbook9,1” running on a 2.7GHz Core i7 processor scored a Geekbench total of 12,252. That’s a 15.5% improvement over the current top-of-the-line Core i7 Macbook Pro. Geekbench, a popular benchmark app that measures a computer’s overall performance, has recorded pre-released Mac scores in the past.
Along with improved performance and speed, these new processors natively support USB 3.0 which has an average data transfer speed of 5 gigabytes per second (up to 10.5 times faster than USB 2.0). While Thunderbolt is almost twice as fast as USB 3.0, there aren’t many cost-effective Thunderbolt accessories yet. Luckily, there are a bunch of great USB 3.0 hard drives and other peripherals already on the shelves.

Lastly, while the graphics card is still unconfirmed, sites like 9to5Mac have found references to the NVIDIA GeForce GT 650M in Mountain Lion’s beta code. If this is the bundled NVIDIA chip, users can expect higher gaming performance and much better battery life.

The new 15 inch Macbook will be completely redesigned: it will sacrifice the optical drive, FireWire port, and ethernet jack for a thinner body like the Macbook Air (but most likely not tapered) and sport a beautiful Retina Display. The rumored unibody will have two USB 2.0, 1 USB 3.0, and 1 or 2 Thunderbolt ports as well as an SD card reader, headphone and microphone jacks, and a Magsafe charging port. Apple will continue to sell a separate external USB Superdrive for those who still need access to a CD/DVD drive and Thunderbolt docks, like this one from Belkin will convert one Thunderbolt port into a few USB, ethernet, and FireWire jacks.

It has been rumored that Apple will bring their successful iPhone and iPad Retina Display to the Macbook Pro. The 2048 x 1536 Retina Display on the 9.7 inch iPad is stunning. Now imagine a 15 inch screen with the same pixel density! Photographs, movies, games, and text will look amazingly sharp with colors that will appear bright and vivid. There even appears to be an option in the Mountain Lion beta to change the resolution mode to adjust the screen to the desired sharpness.

Lastly, the keyboard and Multi-Touch trackpad might be different: the current glass trackpad might grow even larger to accomodate for Mountain Lion’s gesture heavy OS, and Apple might introduce glass keys. Although this is entirely speculative, I think glass keys could be a step towards a totally redesigned keyboard: a keyboard that can tailor its function to each specific application. The iPad and iPhone already do this- when placing a phone call, the keyboard shows only numbers and typing a URL into safari changes the keyboard to include a “.com” key. Imagine using your laptop to play a game that has keys that list their in-game function. A music composition application could line the keyboard with graphics of notes and rests allowing a composer to simply press the “quarter note” key instead of having to memorize a command and letter key combination.

To wrap up, the new Macbook Pros, expected in the next couple of weeks, will likely have a thinner unibody case, a Retina Display, an Ivy Bridge processor, and USB 3.0. It’s possible we could see a reinvented glass keyboard, but it seems to be an unfounded idea that this change will be introduced at this time.

[Amazing mock-up Macbook Pro image by Guilherme Schasiepen]

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Tech.Analysis: Facebook

Tech.Analysis: Facebook

Facebook’s underwriters kept the stock from dropping below its IPO of $38 on Friday. Now, without the security netting provided by Morgan Stanley, the true market price of the stock is emerging. Today, FB dropped 11% to close at $34.03. In the long-run, none of this matters. All of the trading activity for the next couple weeks will be based off of rumors and hype, not actual, concrete information. Investors who bought Facebook as a long-term investment should not even follow the stock’s activity until months from now when actual news about the company’s direction surfaces.

I’m long Facebook and here’s why:

Social networking is an industry that didn’t even exist a decade ago. Facebook, without a doubt, is the largest, most innovative and unparalleled social media company. They hold a monopoly on a service that 526 million people use daily. 720 of their 901 million monthly users are outside of the US and Canada. With projections of entering into Russia and China, in 3 years, Facebook could be an integral service for most of the world’s population.

When you purchase Facebook, you in turn, are investing in Mark Zuckerberg. Zuckerberg controls 57% of the company, which means there is no investor board or any voting power in public shares. Luckily, Zuckerberg is a visionary and levelheaded CEO. Compare 28 year old Steve Jobs or Bill Gates to Mark Zuckerberg, and you’ll find a significantly more mature and skilled CEO with a commitment to his long-term vision: to use Facebook to change the connectivity of the world. Just imagine what Zuckerberg can do with all of the additional cash Facebook developed through the IPO.

Facebook is in a great position to attract the best and brightest young minds straight out of college. Because the company is “hot” and pays their interns and employees well, it’s an extremely desirable place to work straight out of school. The competition for Facebook jobs and internships is intense which means the company has their pick at some of the smartest and promising young programmers today. A company like Facebook that hopes to make bold and fast impact on the world always needs new ideas.

Lastly, in my opinion, Facebook needs to, and is planning to create a phone. The development of this device should be done patiently and must be executed perfectly at launch. They may only get one good shot to impress the world. Smart phones are used in today’s world primarily to communicate and secondarily serve other functions through apps. Facebook definitely excels in these two categories online, now all they need is a beautiful piece of hardware to bundle these services in a mobile product.

Keep an eye out for my detailed ideas for the ideal Facebook Phone later this week.

[image via Clinard, Facebook Statistics and info via Facebook]

Tech.Analysis: The Underwriters of Facebook NASDAQ:FB

Joe Weisenthal of Business Insider just published an interesting article about why Facebook never fell below the IPO price of $38. His reasoning? Morgan Stanley, the underwriters that filed and prepared the IPO, bid large volumes to keep the stock from closing below the initial offering.

So what does this mean for Facebook? It appears that the “hot” and hyped up stock could be worth less than $38 in the eyes of the public. Next week, the market price of Facebook should stabilize, which could very well be a price below the IPO. Perhaps the valuation of $104 billion dollars, about 100 times the company’s earnings, was perceived as just too high. Maybe it was the fact that the largest shareholders cashed out, using the IPO to get rich at the expense of the common investor. Large holders like Goldman Sachs announced yesterday that they will be incrementally selling portions of their stake in Facebook. All this doesn’t scream “booming stock.” Could we be falling for the same 2000 tech bubble?

Facebook might, after all, be a long-term investment. Look out for my article this weekend about my predictions for Facebook in the mobile sphere and the longevity of social networking.

[via Business Insider]

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Tech.Analysis: Will AAPL split?

Tech.Analysis: Will AAPL split?

In a recent Reuters article reported by Steve James, the Dow Jones Industrial Average is looking to update the index to “the 21st century market.” They speculate that adding stocks like AAPL or GOOG will keep the Dow relevant. Apple is the world most valuable company and adding the stock to the DJI would probably overwhelm the average. At $603 a share (as of 4/27), AAPL would weigh too much on the Dow but if the stock were to split 5:1 or even 10:1 making each share $121 or $60 respectively, AAPL could be a welcomed update to the aging index.

Barrons notes that while a lower price would break the weighting issues of a $600 share, Apple has not split since 2005.

I on the other hand believe that AAPL’s split is not impossible: in the current post-Steve Jobs era, a 5:1 split may actually occur. Jobs enjoyed keeping Apple products and stock at a premium. Tim Cook, Job’s successor, has already introduced a dividend reinvestment plan for the next 8 quarters, a fiscal policy Steve Jobs never would have implemented.

Regardless of being added to the Dow Jones Industrial Average, Apple should split their stock. With targets near $1000 in the next 18 months, the stock will become psychologically too expensive. A price of $1000 makes the stock unattractive to many investors. Also, think of the benefits of a cheaper stock price: it will open up an entire new sector of buyers, it could reduce the day-to-day volatility, and it would encourage re-investment.

AAPL’s rise over the past 5 years has been remarkable and while a high, $1000 premium stock price is enticing, a large split would reward long-term investors and continue Apple’s amazing growth.

[Images via Google Finance and Apple, Reuters]

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Tech.Analysis: Vertical Integration and Microsoft

Tech.Analysis: Vertical Integration and Microsoft

Apple has been championed as a shining example of successul vertical integration in regards to their iPhone and iPad production. Vertical integration simply means that a significant percentage of the supply chain in the creation of a product is under the control of one company. Apple designs the software and hardware for their devices. This allows Apple to optimize the processor, RAM, and other hardware specs perfectly to their in-house software. By designing the hardware and software in tandem, Apple can install just the right amount of processor power and battery capacity for the bundled software which can cut costs of the overall product. Additionally, vertical integration allows Apple to control the supply chain for their products and plan for interruptions or changes. They are less impacted by sector-wide part shortages and supply shocks.

Google’s purchase of Motorola Mobility in August is most likely an attempt to imitate Apple’s successful vertical model. The Android OS is currently designed by Google to fit many different phone models from HTC, LG, Samsung, and others. This discontinuity means that in some circumstances the hardware has superfluous computing power in comparison to the capabilities of the installed version of Android. The average user subsequently pays more for a phone with insane specs which the OS doesn’t really need to function well. Google is expected to not only use their acquisition of Motorola to create a single perfected phone, but also to further Google TV through Google-engineered Motorola set-top boxes.

Microsoft’s Windows Phone software is aesthetically inviting, has great exchange support, and overall the OS is fairly streamlined. However, most of the Windows Phone handsets are clunky and flawed. Some have tiny screens, others from HTC are too big. Speed, build quality, camera performance, and phone design vary among the many models detracting from the overall brand of a “Windows Phone.” The Nokia Lumia 900 is a great example of a beautiful phone (perhaps the sharpest on the market) with significant hardware/software limitations that will prevent Windows Phone 7.5 from becoming a true threat to Android or iOS. Windows Phone does not support dual or quad core processors. This means no threaded multitasking and lower performance. The software limits the screen resolution to 800×480 which makes competing with the Apple Retina Display impossible. The Lumia 900 is also a fortune unlocked.

Apple has proven that companies make their money selling the actual phone, not licensing their software. Google is already preparing for this transition (as shown in their purchase of Motorola) and if Microsoft continues to treat the mobile sphere like the OS licensed desktop computer market, Windows Phone wont reach its true potential. Windows 8 Metro looks fantastic but without an affordable and Microsoft optimized tablet to complement the software, it has no realistic shot at the iPad.

Apple’s vertical integration model is dominating the tech sector. Google is already making the necessary changes to compete. It’s time to build hardware Microsoft.

[Image via Techsling]

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Tech.Analysis: Why Apple Needs to Update the 30 Pin Dock Connector


Apple introduced the 30 pin dock connector with the third generation iPod in 2003. Since then, the dock design has yet to change, except for small internal modifications to support new features like video out. It’s time for a redesign.

Apple and Intel introduced the small, speedy Thunderbolt port with the latest Macbooks. With speeds up to 20 Gbits/second, this 8 by 5 milimeter plug supports video, USB, and even audio. While the current iPhone lacks the PCI hardware requirements to meet advertised Thunderbolt data transfer speeds, an adapted, slightly slower PCI chip that would not take up too much additional space would still be extraordinary addition to Apple’s future devices.

Apple’s design team is limited by the size and placement of the 30 pin dock connector. With a new, modified Thunderbolt port, Apple could make the next iPhone thinner and sleeker (tapered edges?) while offering faster iTunes syncing speeds.

So far I have considered the implications of reducing the size of the dock connector but imagine a futuristic unibody device without any ports or jacks. Apple has already shown signs that this may be their ultimate goal: iOS 5 brought functioning Wi-Fi iTunes syncing, iCloud backups, Photostream, and computer-free activations. Inductive charging (like the HP Touchstone dock) has eliminated the need for tethered power cords and faster Wi-Fi speeds have made transferring large files “over the air” entirely possible. The implications of these technologies could allow future designers to create 100% sealed phones (assuming non-permeable speakers) that use inductive charging pads and Bluetooth headphones. A perfectly enclosed phone would not only have the structural integrity of a brick, but it could also be water-proof.

It’s been almost 9 years since the current iDevice 30 pin dock was introduced. Although it would be annoying to have to use an adapter or replace existing 30 pin accessories, it is time for Apple to reclaim the precious space used up by the excessively large 30 pin port and introduce a faster and smaller Thunderbolt-like dock.

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Tech.Analysis: Intuitive Surgical [NASDAQ:ISRG]

TechAnalysis: Intuitive Surgical [NASDAQ:ISRG]

Surgery is already a nerve-wracking experience. How about surgery performed by a robot? How about surgery performed by a robot that’s remotely controlled from thousands of miles away? Well, this could be the future.

Firms such as Intuitive Surgical, Integrated Surgical Systems Inc (ISS), and The Acrobot Company, have invented surgical robots to function as new instruments for surgeons to maneuver in their procedures. However, this isn’t as cutting edge as you think. Systems like ISS’s Robodoc and Casper have been operating for years and have successfully aided surgeons in hip replacement surgery as early as the 1980’s. The Acrobot, a computer robot that uses radiographic imaging to devise an optimal operative location not only pre-establishes the operation site, but the robotic arms actually perform the surgery based on the surgeon’s hand motions. Similarly, Intuitive Surgical’s Da Vinci robot uses real-time virtualization to create three-dimensional models for the surgeon to view while performing the operation through the robot’s precise instruments.

These robotic instruments have revolutionized how laparoscopic surgery is performed, but they may have an even larger implementation in the future of healthcare.

Intuitive Surgical’s Da Vinci is controlled via a surgeon console. The patient lies flat on an operating table below a chandelier of robotic arms while the surgeon sits feet away, index fingers and thumbs fitted through “Endo-wrist” controls and eyes pressed against a three dimensional HD screen. The Da Vinci not only provides the surgeon with a precise 360-degree range of motion, but the robot immerses the doctor within the virtual world of the patient’s body.

In the not-too-distant future, I believe the implication of virtual spaces through the internet could bring medical specialization to locations all around the globe. Radiology has already become a largely outsourced skill where doctors in the United States and radiologists in places like India and Asia are able to share MRI or CT scan images via the web. In other words, it’s like Xbox live for your doctor. He or she can connect to anyone in the world in order to save lives.

Right now robotic surgeries are performed with the surgeon and patient in the same room. What connects the doctor to the patient is a single cord and, in theory, this cord can be hundreds, even thousands, of miles longer. As mentioned in Urologic Robotic Surgery in Clinical Practice, experiments of remote tele-surgery at distances of 300 meters have already been successful at Johns Hopkins Hospital. With increasing internet bandwidth and enhanced reliability, robotic operations could hypothetically be performed through the internet. The most experienced robotic prostatectomy surgeon functioning out of the United States could operate through the internet on a patient in Indonesia. Virtual operations could bring advanced, specialized healthcare to remote locations around the globe. Imagine the humanitarian implications!

Of course, the patient wouldn’t be alone in the operating room. One caveat to tele-surgery is that a trained surgeon would still need to be on hand at the receiving end of the operation. No matter how advanced technology gets, computers malfunction. It’s for this reason that supervision would be necessary. Like it or not, this could be the future of medicine. Specialized robotic surgery is no longer something straight out of the sci-fi channel, but something we could face the next time we go under.

[Image via]

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